Jim Fleming MBE (born 8 July 1951 Edinburgh, United Kingdom) is a retired Scottish Rugby Union Referee who in his career refereed 41 major international matches and was a touch judge in a further 75. He became a referee in 1973 after he was unable to play due to concussion. His first international was in 1985 between England and Ireland. He is one of only two referees who has refereed in four Rugby World Cups (1987, 1991, 1995 and 1999) (The othe rbeing Derek Bevan, refereeing 12 matches. He was an international referee for 18 seasons and is Scotland's most capped referee. Other credits to his name include 18 consecutive appearances at the Melrose Sevens, including refereeing 4 finals and for his final match he became the first Scotsman to referee Scotland when he was in charge for their match against the Barbarians at Murrayfield in May 2001.
He retired in 2001 at the age of 50. and was awarded an MBE in the 2002 New Year's Honours List. He received the IRB's distinguished services award for refereeing in 2003.