Jonathan Isaac Kaplan (born 7 November 1966 in Durban, South Africa), is a former international rugby union referee who holds the record for the most international matches as referee.
He announced his retirement on 26 October 2013 and took charge of the 2013 Currie Cup Premier Division Final between Western Province and the Natal Sharks as his final domestic league match as referee. His final test match as a referee was on 16 November 2013 when he took charge of the Namibia v Kenya match in the final fixture of the 2013 Namibian Tri-Nations in Windhoek.
Kaplan was born in Durban and was educated at Crawford College, Durban, and King David Schools, Johannesburg. He gained a bachelor of social sciences degree, with majors in economics and psychology, from the University of Cape Town and a postgraduate degree in marketing management from the University of South Africa.
Kaplan began refereeing in 1984, while still a high school student. He made his first-class debut in 1991 and was appointed to South Africa's national panel of referees in 1993. On 4 May 1996 he made his international debut in a match between Namibia and Zimbabwe in Harare.
He was appointed as a touch judge for the 1999 Rugby World Cup, and as a referee for the 2003 Rugby World Cup in Australia, where he took charge of three pool games and the quarter-final between France and Ireland. He was one of the twelve referees appointed to officiate at the 2007 Rugby World Cup in France, and took charge of four pool games and the semi-final between England and France, and also at the 2011 Rugby World Cup where he refereed Tonga v Canada, Canada v Japan, England v Georgia & Ireland v Italy, he was also an Assistant Referee in the Semi-final between Wales & France. Jonathan become the first South African to officiate at four World Cups, and referee at three.
Some of Kaplan's other notable games in charge include the first ever game in the Six Nations Championship, between Italy and Scotland in 2000, the second test between the British and Irish Lions and Australia in 2001 British Lions tour to Australia and the third test between the Lions and New Zealand in 2005 British and Irish Lions tour to New Zealand.
Kaplan was the referee for the 2005 Super 12 season Final and the 2006 Super 14 final (a game notorious for the dense fog which obscured much of the action from spectators and commentators). In December 2008 he was chosen as one of nine referees on a merit panel who, it was intended, would between them have charge of 75% of 2009 Super 14 matches irrespective of the nationality of the teams involved. In line with this policy, Kaplan was appointed to referee the 2009 Super 14 Final; in previous years he would have been debarred from officiating because of the involvement of a South African team. In late 2009, he was again named on the merit panel for the 2010 Super 14.
In October 2008 he took charge of the 2008 Currie Cup Premier Division final in South Africa's premier domestic competition, the Currie Cup, for the fourth time, and was the referee again for the 2009 Currie Cup Premier Division 2009 final.
In the 2011 Six Nations he controversially awarded a game-deciding Wales try where the ball had been changed, and a quick throw-in should not have been permitted. Match Report.
On 12 February 2013, Kaplan announced his retirement from refereeing at the end of the season.
Kaplan is now the most experienced Test referee of all time: he became the first referee to reach the milestone of 50 Test matches when he refereed the Scotland-Ireland game during the 2009 Six Nations Championship, and has since increased his total to 68 Tests (as at his retirement).
He also holds the record for refereeing the most Tests involving a single team: the New Zealand-Wales game in June 2010 was his 17th involving the host nation, surpassing the record of 16 matches previously held jointly by Welshman Derek Bevan (also refereeing New Zealand) and New Zealander Paul Honiss (refereeing Australia).
Other refereeing records held by Kaplan are: most Bledisloe Cup matches (7); most Tri Nations matches (8); most Six Nations matches (18); only referee to have participated in four British and Irish Lions tours and to have had charge of matches in all three tour countries (Free State v B&I Lions, South Africa 1997; 2nd Test, Australia 2001; 3rd Test, New Zealand 2005; Natal Sharks v B&I Lions, South Africa 2009).
Kaplan also holds South African refereeing records for most Rugby World Cup appearances (4: 1999, 2003, 2007, 2011) and most World Cup games (13); most Super 14 games (75, including 3 finals and 4 semi-finals); and most Currie Cup matches (133, including 5 finals and 4 semi-finals); and is the only referee to have won the award as South African Referee of the Year for four years in succession (2003–07).
Notes and references
- ↑ "Ref Watch Special: Jonathan Kaplan". Eye Witness News. 26 October 2013. http://ewn.co.za/2013/10/26/Ref-Watch-Special-Jonathan-Kaplan. Retrieved 26 October 2013.
- ↑ Two more Tests for Kaplan
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 "Full-blown – Jonathan Kaplan". SARugby. 6 July 2009. http://www.sareferees.co.za/news/ref_news/1782941.htm. Retrieved 26 June 2010.
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 "Jonathan Kaplan". Rugby World Cup Ltd. http://www.rwc2003.irb.com/EN/Tournament/Match+Officials/Officials/Jonathan+Kaplan.htm. Retrieved 26 June 2010.
- ↑ "Spreadbury to start Rugby World Cup". Planet Rugby. 26 April 2007. http://www.planetrugby.com/story/0,25883,3943_2088913,00.html. Retrieved 26 June 2010.
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 6.2 "Interview with Jonathan Kaplan". sacsrugby.com. 15 September 2009. http://sacsrugby.com/2009/09/interview-with-jonathan-kaplan/. Retrieved 26 June 2010.
- ↑ "SANZAR merit refs". SA Rugby. http://www.sareferees.co.za/news/ref_news/1375940.htm. Retrieved 2009-02-17.
- ↑ "Kaplan loves his All Blacks tests". allblacks.com. 25 June 2010. http://www.allblacks.com/news/13428/Kaplan-loves-his-All-Blacks-tests. Retrieved 26 June 2010.